Cooperative Strengthening Programme

Programme Name: Cooperative Strengthening Programme


The cooperative movement in Nepal is deeply rooted in a rich cultural tradition that spans generations. Traditional cooperatives such as Dhukuti, which are savings and credit associations, and Parma, labor exchange systems, have long been part of the societal fabric, promoting mutual support and collaboration. Similarly, Guthi has provided a platform for communities to work together cohesively in various socio-cultural practices. In 1960, the government marked a significant milestone by enacting the first Co-operative Act, laying the legal framework for cooperatives. Subsequently, the introduction of the Agricultural Co-operative Act, also known as Sajha Sahakari, emphasized the importance of cooperation within the agricultural sector. In 1963, a transformative shift occurred when the capital of savings and credit cooperative societies was converted into Cooperative Banks, enabling more comprehensive financial services and bolstering local economies. The Nepal Women Community Service Center (NWCSC) emerged as a pioneering force for cooperative progress in the early 1990s, specifically in the Dang district. Notably, NWCSC established the first Community Saving and Credit Cooperative Ltd. in 1997, led by volunteer women, underlining its commitment to gender equality and women’s empowerment. This dynamic organization continues to honor tradition while embracing modern practices, empowering communities, and contributing to the sustainable growth of Nepal.

Programme Objectives:

  • Promote Economic Self-Reliance: Provide access to financial resources like savings and loans.
  • Facilitate Education and Information Flow: Establish educational programmes and workshops for skills development.
  • Encourage Social Responsibility: Instil a sense of social responsibility through community engagement.
  • Build a Supportive Community: Create a supportive community for resource sharing and collaboration.

Funding Agency: Internal fund

Programme Period: 1997 ongoing

Programme Area: Dang

Implementing Partner: Cooperatives

Programme Achievements:

  • Membership Engagement for Economic Empowerment: The Community Saving and Credit Cooperative in Ghorahi, Dang, boasts a substantial membership of 3,625 individuals, while four distinct enterprise cooperatives, including Nilkamal Women Social Enterprise Cooperative (1,114 members), Sammunity Women Social Enterprise Cooperative (598 members), Sudhar Women Social Enterprise Cooperative (193 members), and Jamayare Women Social Enterprise Cooperative (300 members), actively participate in the cooperative movement with the shared goal of achieving economic empowerment.
  • Diverse Agricultural Activities: Cooperative members are actively involved in a variety of agricultural activities, encompassing milk collection, vegetable collection, goat farming, and a range of agriculture-related pursuits. This multifaceted engagement not only supports individual economic growth but also contributes to the collective success of these cooperatives.
  • Market Linkages for Livestock and Agriculture: The programme has made significant progresses in establishing market linkages for both livestock and agricultural products, fostering economic viability within local and regional markets. This development is pivotal in ensuring the sustainability and growth of these cooperative initiatives.
  • Infrastructure Development: A key accomplishment is the establishment of a modern 650-liter milk and vegetable collection center, situated within the premises of the Nilkamal Women Social Enterprise Cooperative, located in Dang. This infrastructure provides an essential hub for milk and vegetable collection, streamlining operations and benefiting both cooperative members and local consumers.
  • Agricultural Support Services: Members of these cooperatives receive crucial support in the form of resources such as fertilizers, seeds, medicines, and agricultural equipment. These provisions enhance their agricultural practices, increase productivity, and contribute to improved food security and economic development.